The ongoing Geneva Motor Show is one of the biggest car events in the world, so it’s no wonder that all major manufacturers are present here. As one of the leaders in the car industry, Toyota participates as well. Not only that there are numerous premieres of new car models, but there are many new technologies to show as well. For this occasion, the Japanese manufacturer has prepared plenty of them. First of all, there is a new four-cylinder engine, which comes in two variants. One is for a conventional gasoline powertrain, while the other is designed especially for hybrids. Also, there is a new AWD system. More precisely, there are two of them. Finally, there is a new manual transmission, for which Toyota claims to be one of the lightest on the market.
Toyota introduces new gasoline engine
The biggest novelty for this occasion is probably the new engine. Toyota named it Dynamic Force Engine. It is a gasoline unit with the displacement of 2.0 liters. The new design provides not only better efficiency but significant weight savings as well. According to the company, the new engine delivers impressive 40 percent of thermal efficiency, as well as more torque at every speed.
There are actually two versions of this new engine. The first one has a 13.0:1 compression ratio and it is for a classic gasoline powertrain systems. A max output goes around 170 horsepower and 150 pound-feet of torque.
On the other side, there is a version that suits better to hybrid powertrains. This unit has a 14.0:1 compression ratio, and delivers around 145 horsepower and 133 pound-feet of torque.
A completely new hybrid powertrain
Along with the new gasoline unit, Toyota engineers have been working on the electrified part of the new hybrid system. Some great technology and design solutions have been achieved. We are not going to complicate, so there is a description in simple words. The new electric motor, as well as the battery, is both smaller and lighter. The new system features about 20%smaller dimensions, while the overall weight has been reduced for about 10 percent. On the other side, efficiency has been increased significantly, so the new powertrain should be both more powerful and more economic. Toyota claims new electric motor will have a max output of 110 horses and 150 pound-feet of max torque, roughly. Combined with the new gasoline engine, we should get far better performances, compared to the current hybrid powertrain.
Toyota has prepared a new battery as well. The new unit features 180 cells, instead of 168. Still, it is both smaller and lighter.
Dynamic Torque Vectoring AWD and E-Four 4WD
Another new technology, presented from Toyota here in Geneva, is a new four-wheel-drive system. Once again, there are two kinds of them – one for gasoline and one for hybrid models. The first one is Dynamic Torque Vectoring AWD and it is for gasoline cars. Unlike the most of other manufacturers, Toyota doesn’t offer a brake-based system but mimic the effect of true torque vectoring. It actually sends torque to the outside wheel.
The E-Four 4WD is for hybrid cars. It actually works on a pretty simple principle. There is a rear electric motor, which delivers 30 percent more power to rear wheels, providing extra traction.
The last but not the least, there is a new transmission that has a premiere here in Geneva. Once again, there are actually two of them. The first one is a new CVT, designed to provide not only a smoother ride but much more punch at low speeds as well. On the other side, a new 6-speed manual transmission is for about 15 pounds lighter and 10 inches shorter than before.